Flammulina velutipes

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Flammulina velutipes

1 February 2015 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Common Name

Velvet Shank

Cap

Convex, then flattened, smooth, +/- slimy, orange yellow, orange or orange brown, to about 10 cm across

Gills

Adnexed, broad, whitish to pale yellow

Stem

Tapered, tough, usually orange at the apex and dark brown and velvety elsewhere, but sometimes almost entirely orange

Flesh

Film, pale yellow

Smell

Pleasant

Taste

Pleasant

Season

Autumn to winter

Distribution

Common

Habitat

On living and dead deciduous wood, favouring elm

Spore Print

White

Microscopic Features

Spores ellipsoidal, smooth (7.5-10) x (3.5-4) µm2

Edibility

Edible and good, though the stem is best discarded. Take care not to confuse with deadly poisonous Galerina species. The fungus is cultivated in the Far East where it is variously known as Enokitake, Eno-Take or Enoki.

Notes

The fungus can be distinguished from similar species such as Pholiota hydropila and Galerina marginata by the white spore print and the absence of a ring on the stem.

Additional Photographs

Flammulina velutipes

1 February 2015 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Flammulina velutipes

Spores viewed with a x100 immersion objective and x2.5 projecton lens. 1 February 2015 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Flammulina velutipes

1 January 2009 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Flammulina velutipes

11 January 2009 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Flammulina velutipes

December 2002 Berkshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Flammulina velutipes

18 January 2009 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin

Flammulina velutipes

18 January 2009 Hampshire. Photograph copyright Leif Goodwin